The Nature Photographer Club™ Online Database

Detail
Taxonomic Structure
KingdomPhylum
Animalia
Echinodermata
(Spiny Skin)
Echinodermata
CLASS
Asteroidea
sea stars
CLASS
Crinoidea
CLASS
Echinoidea
heart urchins
CLASS
Holothuroidea
sea cucumbers
CLASS
Ophiuroidea
basket stars
CLASS
Somasteroidea

Echinodermata Data
TSNComplete NameCommon NameKingdomRankAuthorReview LevelName UsageCompleteness
156857EchinodermataSpiny SkinAnimaliaPhylumKlein, 1734TWG standards metvalidpartial as of 2013

"The name Echinodermata has been attributed to Joseph Klein (~1734)" - David Nicolson - ITIS Data Development Coordinator

AuthorTitlePublication NamePagesListedActualPublisherPublish PlaceISBNISSNPub Comment
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. BruscaInvertebrates, Second Editionxx + 9362002-01-012002-01-01Sinauer Associates, Inc.Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA0-87893-097-3
Fell, F. Julian / Parker, Sybil P., ed.EchinodermataSynopsis and Classification of Living Organisms, vol. 2785-8131982-01-011982-01-01McGraw-Hill Book CompanyNew York, New York, USA0-07-079031-0
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. BruscaInvertebratesxiii + 9921990-01-011990-01-01Sinauer Associates, Inc.Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA0-87893-098-1

SourceTypeVersionAcquiredComment
NODC Taxonomic Codedatabase8.01996-07-29
ITIS & Species 2000 Catalogue of Life Management HierarchydocumentAnimalia2013-08-01M. Ruggiero & D. Gordon, eds. 2013. Consensus Management Hierarchy for the ITIS & Species2000 Catalogue of Life. Contributors: Nicolas Bailly, Thierry Bourgoin, Richard Brusca, Thomas Cavalier-Smith, Daphne Fautin, Dennis Gordon, Gerald Guala, Michael Guiry, Paul Kirk, Elliot Lefkowitz, David Mabberly, David Maddison, Alan Paton, Michael Ruggiero, Peter Stevens, and Brian Tyndall